Jacquard quilt

What is Jacquard Fabric?

Jacquard fabric is a type of textile that features intricate patterns and designs woven directly into the fabric, rather than printed or embroidered on the surface. This article will introduce the origin, craftsmanship, and uses of jacquard fabric.

What is Jacquard Fabric?

Floral style jacquard quilt

In 1804, French weaver Joseph Marie Jacquard invented an innovative loom, revolutionizing the textile industry. The Jacquard loom allowed for the efficient and consistent production of complex patterns, transforming how fabrics were made.

Jacquard fabrics feature intricate designs like florals, stripes, herringbone, and geometric patterns. These patterns are woven directly into the fabric, not printed or embroidered, creating a unique texture. Different yarns or threads are used to make raised or sunken areas, giving the fabric a distinct look and feel.

This type of fabric is known for its durability and versatility. It’s commonly used in high-end upholstery, drapery, and fashion garments. The intricate patterns and textures of Jacquard fabrics add a touch of elegance and sophistication to any piece.

In addition to its aesthetic appeal, Jacquard fabric is also functional. The weaving technique makes the fabric strong and long-lasting, ideal for items that undergo regular use. Whether in home decor or fashion, Jacquard fabric remains a popular choice for its beauty and resilience.

How is Jacquard Fabric Made?

Today, the production of jacquard fabric combines traditional weaving techniques with modern technology. Here are the steps to produce jacquard fabric:

1. Yarn Preparation

The selected fiber (such as cotton, silk, wool, or synthetic materials) is spun into yarn. These yarns can vary in thickness, depending on the desired characteristics of the final fabric.

Sometimes, the yarn is dyed before weaving to ensure a consistent color throughout the fabric.

2. Programming the Loom

The pattern is designed using specialized software. The designs range from simple geometric shapes to complex floral patterns.

The pattern is converted into a series of loom instructions. Traditionally, this was done using punch cards, with each card corresponding to a row of the pattern. However modern looms use digital files to control the weaving process.

3. Weaving

The prepared yarn is loaded onto the loom. The warp (longitudinal threads) and weft (lateral threads) are set according to the pattern design.

Computerized jacquard looms weave the yarn into fabric according to the programmed instructions. The loom raises and lowers the individual warp threads to allow the weft threads to pass through in the desired pattern. Automation allows for the efficient weaving of precise and complex patterns.

4. Finishing

Once the fabric is woven, it goes through several finishing processes to enhance its properties. Heat setting is the treatment of the fabric with heat to stabilize the fibers and fix the pattern. Brushing and shearing can give the fabric a smooth and even surface.

Chemical treatments can apply various treatments to add specific properties, such as water repellency, stain repellency, or UV protection.

What is Jacquard Fabric Used for

From fashion to home decor, this unique fabric adds a touch of elegance and sophistication wherever it is used. Let's explore some of the most common uses of Jacquard fabric.


Jacquard fabrics are perfect for fashionable, upscale garments such as evening dresses, formal wear, jackets, skirts, and blouses. It is tightly woven for long-lasting patterns, and the intricate patterns add a touch of elegance and sophistication to garments.

We also use jacquard fabric for loungewear sets. This fabric is soft and breathable, making it ideal for a comfortable night's sleep. The luxurious feel and elegant design of jacquard make our pajamas both beautiful and comfortable, ensuring that you feel pampered every night.

Read more: What is Loungewear

Home Decoration

Jacquard fabrics are often used in home decorations such as curtains, cushions, sofa covers, tablecloths, and bedding. The rich patterns and colorful designs of jacquard fabrics can enhance the beauty of the home environment.

Moreover, jacquard fabrics are very wear-resistant and can withstand daily use and washing. Some jacquard fabrics are also specially treated with functions such as waterproof, stain-resistant, or UV-resistant.

Such as Ownkoti ginkgo leaf jacquard cotton double-sided quilt adopts reactive printing and jacquard technology. The classic ginkgo leaf pattern adds a touch of gorgeous and luxurious atmosphere to your room. This quilt is suitable as an everyday blanket in summer or a bed sheet on the bed. It can also be used as a sofa blanket, shawl blanket, etc.

Ginkgo Leaf Jacquard Quilt

Industrial and Technical Applications

Jacquard fabrics are also used in some industrial and technical fields, such as automotive interiors, aviation seats, and outdoor equipment. Complex functional patterns can be designed according to the specific needs of manufacturers.

Industrial jacquard fabrics are usually made of high-performance fibers with extremely high durability and functionality, such as fire resistance, wear resistance, and tear resistance.

Artistic and Cultural Uses

Jacquard fabrics are also used to make cultural artworks, such as wall hangings, tapestries, and traditional costumes.

For example, medieval European tapestries often recorded historical events and religious stories of the time, and have extremely high artistic and historical value as a medium for recording history and transmitting culture.

How to Identify Quality Jacquard Fabric

The quality of jacquard fabric can be identified by touch and visual inspection. Here are a few aspects to consider:


Quality jacquard fabrics should feel soft and smooth, have a tight weave, and feel luxurious. If the fabric feels rough or stiff, it may be of poor quality.

Quality jacquard fabrics have the right weight, good drape, and flow. They should not feel fragile or too light.

Visual Inspection

Carefully examine the weave. The pattern should be intricate and well-defined, without any loose threads or inconsistencies. Quality jacquard fabrics have an even weave with no noticeable gaps or irregularities.

The color should be bright and consistent throughout the fabric. Look for fabrics that are evenly dyed and free of spots or streaks. High-quality jacquard fabrics often have a slight sheen, especially if they contain silk or synthetic fibers such as polyester.

Weave and Construction

Check the weave density. A higher thread count generally indicates better quality, as the fabric is more durable and less likely to snag. A dense weave also ensures a more precise and detailed pattern.

For some types of jacquard fabrics, such as damask, the pattern is reversible and looks good on both sides. This is a sign that the fabric is well-made.

Durability and Strength

Gently pull the fabric in different directions. High-quality jacquard fabrics should withstand this test without losing shape or tearing. This indicates that the fabric has good tensile strength and durability.

Rub a small area of the fabric to see if it pills. High-quality jacquard fabrics should resist pilling and maintain a smooth surface even after rubbing.

Certification and Labels

Check the fabric label for detailed fiber content. Natural fibers, such as cotton, silk, and wool, are generally of higher quality than synthetic fibers, but there are also high-quality synthetic jacquard fabrics.


Is Jacquard Fabric Good for Summer?

Yes, Jacquard fabric can be suitable for both summer and winter. The key is the fiber content. Lightweight cotton or blends are ideal for summer, offering breathability and comfort. Heavier blends with wool or insulating fibers are better suited for winter.

Is Jacquard Fabric Breathable?

Yes. Cotton Jacquard is particularly comfortable and breathable, making it a great choice for warm weather. Silk Jacquard also offers good breathability. Blended Jacquard fabrics are popular and can vary in their moisture-wicking abilities.

Is Jacquard Fabric Good or Bad?

The quality of Jacquard fabric depends on the fibers used. Synthetic Jacquard, made from synthetic fibers, is often more affordable but can be of lower quality and harmful to the environment. Natural fiber Jacquard, such as floral designs woven with silk, cotton, or wool, tends to be higher quality and more eco-friendly.

Why is Jacquard Expensive?

Jacquard fabric is often more expensive due to the complexity of its patterns and the time or technology required to produce them. The advent of computerized looms has made Jacquard more accessible, but prices still reflect the craftsmanship or precision involved in its creation.


Ownkoti offers a wide variety of home furnishings, including jacquard fabric in a variety of materials. These materials are recycled, natural, and healthy, so you can buy them with confidence. Feel free to ask us.

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