Bamboo Fabric VS Cotton

Bamboo Fabric VS Cotton

The basic difference between bamboo fiber and cotton fiber is their source. Cotton fiber grows on plants and can be used directly, while bamboo fiber must be extracted from the trunks and branches of bamboo trees.

Both materials have unique properties and are suitable for different uses. This article provides a comprehensive comparison to help you understand the advantages and disadvantages of each fabric.

How to Make Bamboo Fabric

Bamboo Fabric

Bamboo fiber can be produced through mechanical or chemical processing.

Mechanical Processing

Mature bamboo, usually 3 to 5 years old, is first collected. The bamboo is then soaked in water to break down the woody parts and separate the fibers.

These fibers are mechanically crushed, spun into yarn, and then woven or knitted into fabric, which is then washed and treated for softness and durability.

Mechanical processing is more environmentally friendly but is labor-intensive and costly, so it is less common.

Chemical Processing

Chemical processing is often used to make rayon. This method also starts with harvesting mature bamboo. Chemicals such as sodium hydroxide are used to break the bamboo down into pulp. The pulp is dissolved in a chemical solution to form a viscous liquid, which is then extruded through a spinneret to form fibers.

These fibers are neutralized in an acid bath, spun into yarn, and then woven or knitted into fabric. Finally, the fabric goes through a finishing process to enhance its texture and durability.

Bamboo Fabric Benefits

Bamboo fabrics are very soft, often compared to silk, and are very comfortable to wear. Due to its cross-sectional structure with tiny gaps, this fabric is highly breathable.

It also has excellent moisture-wicking properties, absorbing and dispersing sweat quickly, and is three to four times more absorbent than cotton, ensuring that you feel cool and dry when wearing it.

Bamboo fabrics contain a natural antimicrobial agent called "bamboo kun", which helps reduce bacteria and odor. In addition, it is naturally anti-allergenic, making it a great choice for people with sensitive skin and allergies.

Bamboo is a sustainable resource that grows quickly and requires fewer resources such as water and pesticides than cotton. In addition, bamboo clothing is compostable and biodegradable.

They also provide UV protection, filtering up to 97.5% of the sun's UV rays, but the level of protection can vary depending on the fabric's processing and weave density.

Disadvantages of Bamboo Fabric

Although bamboo fiber has many advantages, there are also some disadvantages. The chemical methods used to produce bamboo fiber rayon can have some impact on the environment.

In addition, bamboo fiber is not as durable as cotton, especially in humid environments. Bamboo fiber is generally more expensive due to the intensive processing methods involved. Finally, bamboo fiber takes longer to dry compared to cotton, which may be inconvenient for daily use.

Bamboo Fibre Uses

Bamboo fiber is widely used in various industries due to its unique properties.

In clothing, it is soft and breathable, making it a popular choice for nightdresses, T-shirts, underwear, and socks. Its natural properties provide comfortable moisture absorption and perspiration function, enhancing the daily wearing experience.

In bedding, bamboo fiber's excellent moisture absorption and breathability make it an ideal choice for quilts, bedspreads, and pillowcases.

In the food industry, bamboo fiber can be used as an additive and thickener in baked goods, dairy products, and sauces to improve taste and nutritional value.

Bamboo fiber has mechanical properties similar to glass fiber and can be used as a reinforcement material in composite materials, such as bamboo fiber reinforced polymer composites (BFRPC) for automotive and aviation. In addition, the antibacterial properties of bamboo fiber make it valuable in hygiene products such as masks, bandages, and sanitary napkins.

How Cotton Is Made Into Fabric


The process of turning cotton into fabric involves several steps. First, cotton bolls are harvested from cotton plants by hand or machine. The harvested cotton is then sent to a cotton gin, where the fibers are separated from the seeds. Next, the cotton fibers are washed to remove dirt and impurities.

The washed fibers are combed into a thin web and compressed into slivers. An optional step, called carding, further aligns the fibers and removes shorter fiber bundles to improve quality. The slivers are then spun into yarn, which is then woven into fabric. Finally, the fabric is dyed and finished to enhance its texture and appearance.

Organic cotton processing follows similar methods but adheres to stricter guidelines to avoid the use of synthetic chemicals. Organic farming uses natural pesticides and fertilizers. The cotton is hand-picked to reduce the impact on the environment. Mechanical methods and natural enzymes are used in the processing, and certification ensures that organic standards are met.

Benefits of Organic Cotton

Organic cotton has several significant advantages over conventional cotton. It breathes well, allowing air to circulate freely, and its fibers tend to be longer and stronger, making for softer fabrics.

Organic cotton absorbs moisture efficiently, and because it doesn’t use synthetic pesticides and fertilizers, it reduces the risk of skin irritation and allergic reactions, making it suitable for people with sensitive skin.

In addition, organic cotton farming has a lower impact on the environment, with more efficient irrigation, healthier soil, and better water conservation.

Disadvantages of Organic Cotton

While organic cotton has many benefits, it also has some disadvantages. Due to labor-intensive farming practices and lower yields, organic cotton is generally more expensive. Additionally, organic cotton generally has lower yields compared to conventional cotton.

Application of Cotton

Cotton is a versatile material that can be used in a wide range of products. In clothing, cotton is favored by the fashion industry for its comfort, breathability, and durability, making it suitable for making a variety of clothing from casual to formal wear, such as T-shirts, jeans, dresses, and sportswear.

In-home textiles, cotton is commonly used in cotton quilts, sheets, towels, curtains, and interior decoration. For example, Ownkoti's Ginkgo Leaf Quilt is lightweight, comfortable, breathable, and suitable for year-round use.

Cotton also has many industrial uses, including medical supplies such as bandages, gauze, cotton swabs, and pads, as well as filters and insulation materials.

learn more: What Is Lyocell Fabric? Benefits And Uses


In conclusion, both bamboo fiber and cotton have their own advantages and disadvantages. Bamboo fiber is more sustainable and has advantages such as UV protection and antibacterial, but the cost is higher. Cotton, especially organic cotton, is breathable and versatile.

If you are looking for environmentally friendly materials and comfort, you can browse our store. OwnKoti has always advocated a healthy lifestyle. Our home furnishings are made of recyclable materials to minimize the impact on the environment. To create a new green lifestyle.

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